Ushuaia is a land filled with history. From Indians being colonized, outlaws and jails to travelers expeditions in the 19th century. Showing the evolution of mankind and societies. We find out that in Ushuaia there are still many mysteries uncovered.
At the present time Ushuaia has a population of 60 thousand. Before this city was civilized, stories about Indians, colonization and world travelers looking for unexplored territories took place here.
The history of Ushuaia takes us back thousands of years when the "yamanes" Indians arrived on canoes. These Indians lived on both sides of the Beagle channel, and surrounding channels that led to Cape Horn. Their lives were based on the hunt of sea wolves that provided the skins for the survival of extremely cold winters.
Around six thousand years later the "yamanes" way of living started to be disrupted when the first explorers sailed for more territories (expansion wave of the 19th century). In 1832 the ship commanded by captain Fitz Roy anchored outside what today is known as Ushuaia. The Beagle was the name of this ship. Giving name to the channel that allowed this trip. Charles Darwin was on board.
Darwin’s voyages thru Tierra del Fuego served greatly for his theory of human evolution. Samples he used in the theory came from here. Many scientists and social experts say this theory changed the preconceptions of our evolution.
In 1871 the first mission of the Anglican Church was established. Father Thomas Bridges headed this settlement. In 1884 the government of Julio Roca occupied the region. 18 years later the "Jail at the end of the world" was created. This of course started changing all the ways of Ushuaia.
Built by the same outlaws that gained their imprisonment to this jail at the end of the world. From 1902 to1947 the most dangerous criminals were sent to this jail. The duties and jobs prison mates had, supplied services (like wood and metal works, lumberjacking, crops gathering) for town. Prisoners here also built roads, repaired the pier and established the first railroad tracks.
In our days this prison has become a museum filled with memorandums. You can see black and white pictures that reflect history.